October 13, 2020
What does physical activity have to do with nutrition?
Eating well is only one piece of the puzzle when it comes to being healthy. Exercise is also key, and when combined with a nutritious diet, it is an excellent way to promote weight loss, weight maintenance, and disease prevention. Physical activity causes the body to burn calories while it builds and maintains lean muscle mass. With an increase in muscle, your body will burn more calories, even at rest. In addition, combining diet and exercise can lead to an increased loss of body fat, which is important for cardiovascular and whole body health.
When it comes to realizing the health and weight-management benefits of exercise, consistency is key. The current recommendations are that adults should engage in moderate-intensity physical activity for at least 30 minutes on 5 or more days of the week (in bouts of at least 10 minutes for a total of at least 30 minutes per day); or vigorous-intensity activities (for at least 20-60 minutes per session) on 3 or more days of the week. Note that additional health benefits can be gained by engaging in physical activity beyond the equivalent of 300 minutes (5 hours) of moderate-intensity physical activity a week. If you do not already engage in regular exercise, however, be sure to consult your physician before starting a new regimen.
Benefits of Exercise
|Increase metabolic rate||Increase strength of tendons and ligaments|
|Increase lean body mass||Reduce the risk of developing diabetes|
|Improve cardiovascular fitness||Increase muscular strength and maintain strong bones and joints|
|Help regulate blood pressure||Decrease total cholesterol and blood glucose|
|Help control weight and appetite||Improve quality of sleep|
|Improve emotional and mental well-being and increase energy levels||Reduce the risk of many types of cancer, including colon, breast, prostate, and others|